We tend to think of add and subtract as opposites. They are not opposites, they are complementary ways to make a change. Click To Tweet
- [00:06] In today’s episode I’m excited to introduce you to Dr. Leidy Klotz, author of the new book, Subtract.
- [03:30] Leidy shares about himself, his background, and how he has gotten to behavioral science.
- [05:44] There is a way that people should go and then what they will actually do.
- [06:34] Engineering is the creative application of science. There is a huge overlap between engineering, architecture, and behavioral science.
- [08:05] People have been doing choice architecture for a long time, it has just been called marketing.
- [08:44] Leidy was a professional soccer player and he wrote a book about sustainability through soccer. Soccer is a very systems-oriented sport.
- [10:39] He learned a lot of things by playing soccer.
- [13:32] He shares what inspired him to write his book, Subtract.
- [15:04] When we encounter systems that we can improve in multiple ways, why is our first instinct to add?
- [16:52] When people try to improve something their first thought is to think about what can we add to this situation to make it better.
- [19:01] More often than not, we don’t even think about getting rid of something.
- [23:07] As humans, we want to display our competence.
- [25:28] We can also show competence by subtracting, we just have to do more of it for it to be noticeable.
- [28:30] You can be a minimalist by not acquiring stuff, but that is not subtracting.
- [29:39] Left to our own devices, we are not going to think of taking away.
- [30:40] A good lesson is to subtract first. If you subtract first you are more likely to think about it in later situations.
- [32:53] Less is not a loss. Less is an improvement.
- [34:33] We tend to think of add and subtract as opposites. They are not opposites, they are complementary ways to make a change.
- [37:06] When you are arguing for subtraction or trying to get people to think of subtraction, help them think about the thing they added elsewhere.
- [37:52] When we add something, we are left with the original situation plus whatever we have added. When we take something away, we are left with an improved original situation plus that thing we took away which we can use somewhere else.
- [40:22] When you have written something, taking it out is a really hard thing. Leidy and Melina share some about their book writing processes.
- [42:22] Melina shares her closing thoughts.
- [45:15] Melina’s award-winning first book, What Your Customer Wants and Can’t Tell You is available on Amazon, Bookshop, Barnes & Noble, Book Depository, and Booktopia.
Thanks for listening. Don’t forget to subscribe on Apple Podcasts or Android. If you like what you heard, please leave a review on iTunes and share what you liked about the show.
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More from The Brainy Business:
- 🎉🎉🎉 Buy Melina’s award-winning book, What Your Customer Wants and Can’t Tell You on Amazon, Bookshop, Barnes & Noble, Book Depository, and Booktopia 🎉🎉🎉
Get the Books Mentioned on (or related to) this Episode:
- Subtract: The Untapped Science of Less by Leidy Klotz
- How to Change: The Science of Getting from Where You Are to Where You Want to Be by Katy Milkman
- Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness by Richard Thaler and Cass R. Sunstein
- Think Again: The Power of Knowing What You Don’t Know by Adam Grant
- Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap and Others Don’t by Jim Collins
- Essentialism: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less by Greg McKeown
- The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up: The Japanese Art of Decluttering and Organizing by Marie Kondo
- A More Beautiful Question: The Power of Inquiry to Spark Breakthrough Ideas by Warren Berger
Connect with Leidy:
Past Episodes & Other Important Links:
- Episode 35: NUDGES & Choice Architecture: Introducing Nobel-Winning Concepts: A Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode
- Episode 9: Loss Aversion: Why Getting New Stuff Is Not The Same: A Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode
- Episode 139: Endowment Effect: Why We Like Our Stuff More, a Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode
- Episode 112: The IKEA Effect and Effort Heuristic, a Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode
- Episode 11: Anchoring & Adjustment: The 1 Word That Increased Sales 38%: A Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode
- Episode 16: Framing: How You Say Things Matter More Than What You’re Saying: A Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode
- Episode 70: How to Set, Achieve & Exceed Brainy Goals
- Episode 99: Bikeshedding: Why The Simplest Tasks Can Keep You Stuck (A Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode)
- Episode 68: Counterfactual Thinking: Why We ‘What If’ And ‘If Only’ (A Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode)
- Episode 71: Prefactual Thinking: How to Turn “What If” Into “Why Not” – Behavioral Economics Foundations
- Episode 89: Focusing Illusion: Why Thinking About Something Makes It Seem More Important Than It Is (A Behavioral Economics Foundations Episode)
- Episode 171: Paradox of Choice (coming soon!)
Check out What Your Customer Wants and Can’t Tell You on Amazon, Bookshop, Barnes & Noble, Book Depository, and Booktopia